Coffee is one of the most common drinks in the world. It can be argued that if there is something that unites every human community, it is an exceptional passion for coffee.
More and more people get to know about home coffee roasting every day. However, on the Internet, there are mainly extremely biased articles which tend to promote a particular scammed product or unverified information.
In addition, the plurality of brands and products available on today’s market tires an eye of the average coffee lover. That’s why we decided to explain to you in details how to roast coffee beans at home. After going through our guide, your coffee brewing will become much easier, and the result will be way-way tastier.
How to choose the best green coffee beans? PapasCoffee will help.
There are two main reasons for you to take up this occupation.
Before you go directly to the practice, we advise you to adopt some theoretical points that will save you from annoying mistakes and allow you to achieve the most accurate roasting:
Check out the best coffee grinders of the year 2019.
Freshly roasted coffee, lavishing around its chic aroma, always pleases with impeccable taste and brings great pleasure with each cup. Surely many coffee connoisseurs were thinking about how to roast green coffee beans and actually how the roasting process takes place, and they dreamed of roasting the coffee beans themselves right at home.
For you, we have collected some pretty effective ways to roast coffee at home and get the most pleasant emotions from the process.
The four main methods of coffee roasting:
The most obvious answer to the question “how to roast coffee beans at home?” is done with a frying pan. The scheme of the home roast is quite simple:
Next, you will need to cool the grain, pack it in a sealed package and wait until it “reaches”. It is advisable to use freshly roasted grains during the week. Then they gradually lose their taste. Having been involved in independent roasting, you can try interesting options for preparing a drink using other methods we mentioned below.
Another popular and not complicated way of roasting the grains is doing it in the oven. This method can be divided into several main stages:
“Seasoned” roasters still advise the use of a frying pan, because in the oven there is no way to interfere with the grain.
While you can simply buy a coffee roaster on the Internet, your wallet becomes noticeably empty. In addition, the use of a home dryer is usually a mystery. But there is another way to dry coffee at home – use a cheap popcorn popper!
Another way of roasting coffee beans is by using a special machine – coffee roaster. It is made in the form of a drum. There is an active mixing of the grain when roasting.
The machine is equipped with a sensor that allows you to monitor the process. To check the grains, there is a scoop. It allows you to get fried grains and sample them. This is necessary in order not to overcook the grain, because of this they will become bitter and give this taste to the drink. After roasting the machine cools the grain with air flow.
Roasting coffee beans can be divided into three stages:
At this stage, the coffee is poured into the machine and roaster begin its work. The kernels begin to lose moisture and dry out. The roasting temperature is adjusted to 170°C. Grains acquire a light brown color.
Coffee begins to swell, become lighter and get the usual dark brown shade. The temperature reaches 230°C.
The final stage of coffee roasting. The most important thing is not to overcook the grain. To do this, they must be constantly checked with a scoop.
When roasting in a special machine, we have to decide on the degree we want our beans to have.
The degree of roast coffee is conventionally divided into light, medium and strong. Often the grains of different stages of roasting are mixed.
Read our review on FreshRoast 500 – one of the most popular home coffee roasters
Roasted grains do not emit vegetable oil, have a light brown color and a weak bread aroma. This method of roasting is suitable for delicate Arabica cultivars grown in the highlands. Coffee of such a roast has a sour taste and a slightly watery texture, goes well with milk and cream.
This degree of roasting is also called cinnamon, New England or semi-urban.
With this method of roasting, coffee beans are roasted long and intensively, and oily substances are not allowed to emit on the surface. This coffee has a pronounced aroma and bitter taste.
This method of roasting is alsocalled American, regular or brown.
Coffee beans have a small amount of vegetable oils. Dark brown spots appear on the surface.
This method of roasting is also referred to business, light French or urban.
Coffee beans become dark brown and emit a large amount of oils. Coffee has a noticeable bitterness.
This method of roasting is also called Spanish, dark brown, French or Cuban.
Grains get the color of dark chocolate because of strong double roasting.
This method is called roasted in European, French or New Orleans style.
Coffee beans with this method become almost black and become very oily.
Sometimes this coffee is called “for espresso.”
To roast coffee in the roasting machine, rinse them with water for 2-3 minutes (some coffee lovers recommend holding grains in water for 10 minutes).
After that, dry the seeds with a towel, take a cast-iron or iron frying pan, preheat it, pour coffee grains a couple of centimeters thick on it and put on low heat.
In the process of roasting seeds, you must continuously stir with a wooden spatula. After the appearance of the first cod grain, they are roasted to the desired color. Their readiness can be checked by biting one grain. Cool the finished coffee beans, then shift them into the dishes with a lid, while leaving a hole for the gas to exit for the first 6-12 hours. Grinding coffee immediately after roasting is not recommended.
When roasting, the coffee beans will increase in volume, and after frying, they will “reach” by means of their own temperature. Also note that the coffee roaster should not be used for other purposes, as coffee absorbs odors.
It’s impossible to say for sure how long the grains should be roasted: everyone has their own preferences regarding varieties and tastes. But keep in mind: the more roasted coffee, the less caffeine in it.
The shelf life of roasted coffee beans is much less compared to green ones. At home, they can be saved up to two weeks. Ceramic jars with a lid are ideal for storing, and the lid should fit as tightly as possible. Roasted grains are stored at room temperature in a dark place. Can be used for storage and the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
If the grains were roasted on your own, then in the first days of storage it is recommended to open the lid of the jar periodically. In the following days, the lid should be tightly closed all the time. If the grains are purchased in the store, then it is best to store them in the original packaging, which allows you to protect the coffee from contact with air.
Where not to store coffee:
So, we thoroughly looked at how to roast green coffee beans at home without much effort. Do not be discouraged if, from the first time (as well as the second and third), you do not get high-quality roasting. This business requires a lot of experience that comes with practice. Perhaps you will take more than one kilogram of green beans before you can get the perfect roast, revealing all the taste of this noble drink.